The making of a railway: watching the birth of HS2

Cutting through the Chilterns: Looking towards High Wycombe from Loudwater tunnel: SWA Newton

At the end of the 19th century, a photographer called SWA Newton documented a unique event: the creation of a new mainline railway from Sheffield to London. The Great Central Railway tore through the medieval heart of Leicester and Nottingham, and as a student in 1980s Leicester I was fascinated to find Newton’s photos of familiar sights being built just over 80 years earlier. Sadly, almost all that magnificent line was closed in the 1960s.

The Great Central was the creation of Sir Edward Watkin, who dreamed of a high speed railway linking the north of England with France through a channel tunnel. Ironically, the politicians who pushed HS2 scrapped a link between HS2 and HS1 – the channel tunnel rail link – to save money. How desperately short sighted.

I thought of SWA Newton and the birth of the Great Central in 2010 when I learned that the new High Speed 2 (HS2) railway would pass through our village. As you’d expect, there are few supporters of the line here. That’s partly because of the disruption that the construction will cause (though for me that’s been minimal so far) but also because people in Buckinghamshire won’t get any benefit from the line. It will still be quicker for us to get to Birmingham via the Chiltern line than going to London to get a train on HS2.

The line will pass through our village in a 10 mile long tunnel. That will spare the Misbourne valley although part of me thinks it’s a shame that travellers won’t be able to enjoy the beauty of the southern Chilterns. Railways blend in to the landscape unlike airports or 12-lane motorways.

I’ll never be a 21st century SWA Newton, but I do want to witness and record the work being carried out on HS2 around our village. So over the past couple of weekends, I’ve been to see the two main sites: ventilation shafts for the Chiltern tunnel.

It’s official….
On Bottom House Farm Lane, between Chalfont St Giles and Amersham

To get to the Chalfont St Giles site, I cycled down a lane for the first time, even though it’s barely a mile from our front door. I wouldn’t like to drive down Bottom House Farm Lane in a big car (it’s very narrow and badly potholed) but it was wonderful on a mountain bike. In the photo above, you can see spoil from the works. I was captivated by the forgotten valley, with its handsome farm buildings and classic Chiltern rounded hills and woodland – and with now ubiquitous red kites circling overhead.

The site on a map
The route of HS2 (in tunnel), Misbourne valley
Ready for action, Bottom House Farm Lane

HS2 has published a lot of information about the project and its impacts on its website. See HS2 in Bucks and Oxon. Ironically, some of the places mentioned such as Calvert, Twyford, Finmere and Brackley were on the route of the Great Central Railway. I blogged about this irony in 2012 here.

The access road, Bottom House Farm Lane

The contractors are building an access road alongside Bottom House Farm lane to take the construction lorries to the site of the shaft. You can see that it’s like a dual carriageway alongside the narrow country lane, although it will be restored to nature after work is finished.

Bottom House Farm Lane sights

I had no idea that this tiny lane and valley were so picturesque. This is a few hundred metres from the main London to Amersham road.

The view from the London road
Warning: railway works ahead
HS2 travellers won’t see this: the route passes under Chalfont St Giles village centre here

As I said earlier, the HS2 route passes under the heart of our village, Chalfont St Giles. This is the Misbourne in the centre of the village; the tunnel passes under here.

The access road to the Chalfont St Peter tunnel site

This is the other major site near our village. The HS2 contractors have built an access road for construction traffic to the the Chalfont St Peter tunnel shaft.

Closer to London, HS2 is forcing the closure of Hillingdon Outdoor Activity Centre (HOAC). Our son Owen has just enjoyed a wonderful summer water sports course at HOAC, and previously camped at HOAC with Chalfont St Giles Scouts. Owen and Karen were distressed to see the destruction that HS2 is causing at HOAC. We hope HOAC will move to a new site, as seems to be the case. Meanwhile, this is what the HS2 viaduct in the area will look like.

Back to where I began. The remaining parts of the Great Central (and the Great Central and Great Western Joint line through Beaconsfield and High Wycombe) blend beautifully into the countryside. Admittedly, electric lines with their overhead wires aren’t quite so unobtrusive. But I recall my view of the West Coast Mainline in the fells of northern England last year, contrasting with the eyesore of the parallel M6. True, it was better looking in the days of steam, but I knew which I preferred.

The northern fells. Spot the West Coast mainline…

I’ll end as I began, with a couple of wonderful SWA Newton images from the birth of the older high speed rail line, the Great Central and associated joint line with the Great Western. Those construction workers – navvies as they were called in the past, recalling the men who built the canals – were photographed at Wilton Park, Beaconsfield.

I respect the protests of those who object to HS2. (Do read the comment below from Janey, who lives on Bottom House Farm Lane, about the impact the work is having on her family and other residents.) And the claims that this is Britain’s new railway are strained – it will do nothing for Wales. But I think it’s time that the country that invented railways moved beyond the Georgian and Victorian network that shaped and the constrained the nation. It’s almost 60 years since Japan introduced the Shinkansen bullet train, and 40 years since France began TGV services. Great Britain is catching up.

9 thoughts on “The making of a railway: watching the birth of HS2

  1. Fascinating pics of the old Central Line works.

    Bottom House Lane is a lovely walk especially when you access it from Bottrells Lane &walk down. Having a dog is a bonus.,-0.5903505,1266m/data=!3m1!1e3

    Re the HS2 works, the shortsightedness is the decision not to build a 3-core tunnel 17km long through the Chilterns using the same design as the Channel Tunnel. Much safer for passenger escape in case of fire, no air vents and surface disruption, and none of the construction problems faced when boring under the sea.

    Extra cost, in the overall scheme of things would be negligible.


    • Hi Trevor, I will definitely do the Bottom House Farm Lane walk one day, probably from Hill Farm Lane. Good point re the tunnel. Adding a station in the Chilterns would have reduced some of the opposition too.

  2. While I am thankful that HS2 is in a tunnel through the Misbourne Valley, what you fail to mention is:
    The disruption, blight, noise etc for residents of Bottom House Farm Lane. We’re about to have a 2.4m embankment built in front of our house which will obliterate the view we bought the property for, until 2026 at the earliest. We also have a son with asthma and are deeply concerned about the impact of the huge earthworks on his health.
    Secondly the risk to the river and aquifer of the tunnelling itself through fractured chalk. We are concerned the boring may permanently alter the route of the Misbourne, which as you will know, is “perched”.

    • Thanks for your comment, Janey. As I passed along Bottom House Farm Lane on Sunday I was thinking about the enormous impact that the work must have on those of you living there. I very much sympathise with your plight. We are lucky living a couple of miles away.

  3. Interesting blog, but I’d like to add that yes – in fact HS2 will do things for Wales. Once of the (often deliberate) misconceptions about HS2 is that it frees up a huge amount of capacity on the existing rail network – especially at choke-points like Birmingham New St station. HS2 is not a stand-alone railway, it’s a plug-in to the existing Victorian network.

    One of the reasons Welsh towns as far afield as Aberystwyth can’t have extra services through Shrewsbury and on to Birmingham airport is because of a lack of capacity at New St. HS2 solves this problem. HS2 also adds extra capacity at Crewe – which could allow more services to run to/from North Wales.

  4. Paul; please continue to record the changing landscape – I enjoyed seeing SWA Newton’s pictures in the 1970s book by LTC Rolt. There seen to be great steps/efforts to merge the long-term assets back into the landscape, and the fly-throughs look particularly impressive with a wide green corridor stretching up through England.

  5. Pingback: HS2: broken Tory promises | Ertblog

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